What is asthma?
Asthma is a lung illness that lasts a long time. You may hear asthma referred to as a chronic respiratory disease from your physician. It creates inflammation and narrowing of your airways and makes breathing hard. Coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and tightness of the chest are symptoms of asthma. Severe asthma can make speaking or being active difficult. Asthma is called “bronchial asthma” by some individuals.
Types of asthma:
- Adult-onset asthma.
- Status asthmaticus.
- Asthma in children.
- Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction.
- Allergic asthma.
- Nonallergic asthma.
- Occupational asthma.
- Eosinophilic asthma.
- Aspirin-induced asthma.
- Cough-variant asthma.
Symptoms of asthma:
1. Airway obstruction. The muscle bands that surround your airways are relaxed when you breathe usually and air moves freely. But these muscle groups close when you have asthma. Air is not free to travel. If your lungs have less oxygen, you feel shy of breath. Wheezing is caused by the breath passing out through your tight airways.
2. Inflammation. People with asthma have bronchial tubes that are red and swollen. The lungs may be damaged by this inflammation. Treating this inflammation is essential for long-term management of asthma.
3. Airway irritability. People with asthma have delicate airways that, due to even the smallest triggers, tend to overreact and narrow.
Symptoms of asthma differ depending on the individual. You may have rare asthma attacks, symptoms at certain moments like when practicing, or you may have symptoms all the time. some signs and symptoms of asthma are:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest tightness or pain
- Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing
- A whistling or wheezing sound when exhaling (wheezing is a common sign of asthma in children)
- Coughing or wheezing attacks that are worsened by a respiratory virus, such as a cold or the flu
Signs that your asthma is probably worsening include:
- Asthma signs and symptoms that are more frequent and bothersome
- Increasing difficulty breathing (measurable with a peak flow meter, a device used to check how well your lungs are working)
- The need to use a quick-relief inhaler more often
For some people, asthma signs and symptoms flare up in certain situations:
- Exercise-induced asthma, which may be worse when the air is cold and dry
- Occupational asthma, triggered by workplace irritants such as chemical fumes, gases or dust
- Allergy-induced asthma, triggered by airborne substances, such as pollen, mold spores, cockroach waste or particles of skin and dried saliva shed by pets (pet dander)
Causes of asthma:
- Airborne substances, such as pollen, dust mites, mold spores, pet dander or particles of cockroach waste
- Respiratory infections, such as the common cold
- Physical activity
- Cold air
- Air pollutants and irritants, such as smoke
- Certain medications, including beta blockers, aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen.
- Strong emotions and stress
- Sulfites and preservatives added to some types of foods and beverages, including shrimp, dried fruit, processed potatoes, beer and wine
Extra weight increases the possibility of asthma and contributes to a more severe case of asthma. So what should you do? Losing weight can be difficult for anyone, and it could be especially challenging if asthma makes activities difficult. The ACRC hopes to find methods to assist asthmatic individuals loose weight. Meanwhile, it will be useful to have a good diet and avoid a lot of fat in your diet. Some studies indicate eating high-fat food worsens inflammation of the airway in individuals with asthma. Walk more, try to get active every day, it will assist your weight and assist your breathing.
Treatment for asthma.
In order to stop asthma attacks before they begin, prevention and long-term control are essential. Treatment generally includes learning to acknowledge your triggers, taking measures to prevent them, and monitoring your breathing to ensure that symptoms are kept under control by your daily asthma medication. You may need to use a quick-relief inhaler, such as albuterol, in the event of an asthma flare-up.
choosing the right medication for you depends on a number of factors, your age, symptoms, and asthma triggers are considered when prescribing you the most effective medication for treating your case of asthma.
Long-term preventive control medicines decrease the inflammation that contributes to symptoms in your airways. Quick-relief inhalers open swollen airways rapidly, which limit breathing. Allergy medicines are needed in some instances.
Long-term asthma control medication. The cornerstone of asthma treatment is generally taken on a daily basis. These medicines keep asthma under daily control and make it less likely that you will have an asthma attack.
Quick-relief medications are used for a rapid, short-term relief of symptoms during or before an asthma attack if recommended by your doctor.
When you have a flare-up of an asthma attack, a quick-relief inhaler will immediately relieve your symptoms. But if you’re medicines for long term asthma control are effective, you shouldn’t have to use your quick relief inhaler very often.
Keep track of how many puffs you’re using every week. If you need to use your rapid relief inhaler more frequently than recommended by your doctor, see your doctor. You may need to modify your medicine for long term control.